What is Deep Learning ?

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Remember how you started recognizing fruits, animals, cars and for that matter any other object by looking at them from our childhood?

Our brain gets trained over the years to recognize these images and then further classify them as apple, orange, banana, cat, dog, horse, Toyota, Honda, BMW and so on.

Inspired by these biological processes of human brain, artificial neural networks (ANN) were developed.  Deep learning refers to these artificial neural networks that are composed of many layers. It is the fastest-growing field in machine learning. It uses many-layered Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) to learn levels of representation and abstraction that make sense of data such as images, sound, and text

Why ‘Deep Learning’ is called deep? It is because of the structure of ANNs. Earlier 40 years back, neural networks were only 2 layers deep as it was not computationally feasible to build larger networks. Now it is common to have neural networks with 10+ layers and even 100+ layer ANNs are being tried upon.

Using multiple levels of neural networks in Deep Learning, computers now have the capacity to see, learn, and react to complex situations as well or better than humans.

Normally data scientists spend lot of time in data preparation – feature extraction or selecting variables which are actually useful to predictive analytics. Deep learning does this job automatically and make life easier.

Many technology companies have made their deep learning libraries as open source:

  • Google’s Tensorflow
  • Facebook open source modules for Torch
  • Amazon released DSSTNE on GitHub
  • Microsoft released CNTK, its open source deep learning toolkit, on GitHub

Today we see lot of examples of Deep learning around:

  • Google Translate is using deep learning and image recognition to translate not only voice but written languages as well.
  • With CamFind app, simply take a picture of any object and it uses mobile visual search technology to tell you what it is. It provides fast, accurate results with no typing necessary. Snap a picture, learn more. That’s it.
  • All digital assistants like Siri, Cortana, Alexa & Google Now are using deep learning for natural language processing and speech recognition
  • Amazon, Netflix & Spotify are using recommendation engines using deep learning for next best offer, movies and music
  • Google PlaNet can look at the photo and tell where it was taken
  • DCGAN is used for enhancing and completing the human faces
  • DeepStereo: Turns images from Street View into a 3D space that shows unseen views from different angles by figuring out the depth and color of each pixel
  • DeepMind’s WaveNet is able to generate speech which mimics any human voice that sounds more natural than the best existing Text-to-Speech systems
  • Paypal is using H2O based deep learning to prevent fraud in payments

Till now, Deep Learning has aided image classification, language translation, speech recognition and it can be used to solve any pattern recognition problem, and all of it is happening without human intervention.

Deep learning is a disruptive Digital technology that is being used by more and more companies to create new business models.

Sandeep Raut

7th Rank in Global Top 100 Digital Transformation Influencers Delivered speech at India Analytics & Big Data Summit at Bangalore on "How Machine Learning is helping in Digital Transformation" on 4th Feb 2016 Delivered Thought Leadership speech at Unicom - India Analytics & Big Data Summit on "Big Data Analytics disrupting industry" Delivered speech at IIT Mumbai on "Analysing Big data for disruptive innovation" Delivered a keynote speech at Rizvi College of Engineering on "Fraud Detection & Prevention using Analytics" • Director for Digital Transformation in Syntel. • Has more than 29 years of IT Services / Consulting / Off-shoring experience • Over 18 years in Business Intelligence space. • Had helped organizations in establishing the BI-Analytics Services CoEs. • Had spearheaded several marquee accounts and was significantly instrumental in building new business for the practice as well. • Had successfully initiated, mentored & deployed various strategic consulting services & solutions like Digital Transformation, BI Strategy Planning, BI Offshorization, BI Development/Deployment, Campaign Management, Inventory Optimization which resulted into multi-million dollar business. • Had developed & managed Customer relations with Global players across USA, UK & Asia Pacific. Specialties: Digital Transformation, BI & Big Data Analytics Banking and Financial Services, Healthcare LifeSciences, Insurance, Retail Manufacturing - Supply Chain Management

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